Policies on fishing in the Philippines were not evident in the yesteryears. But, in 1932 the first Fisheries Act was introduced. This act focus on the trade within the fishing industry in which it restricts the entry and trade abroad of any kinds of fish, sea or any underwater species. Moreover, this provision gives way to the economic connection with the United States to have access on the fishing grounds. However, it may be possible with the help of an issued permit by the Philippine national government.
The Reasons Behind the Provision
Unlike the Catskillfishing in New York, most commercial operators and small fisherman followed unregulated fishing method here in the Philippines. And that resulted to decline in stocks and deterioration of the environment. Due to this, the Presidential Decree (PD) No. 534 of 1974 was propagated. With this law, the penalties cover until 12 years or life imprisonment due to intensive cases of illegal fishing.
Philippine Fisheries Code of 1998
Also known as Republic Act (RA) 8550, this law regarding Philippine fisheries aims to resolve the linking concerns of resource deterioration and the unwavering poverty of the fisherman. It caters for a national policy regarding the workable utilization of the resources within the fishery industry. This aims to meet the increasing food requirement of the whole population. Moreover, it supports the handling of the resources of fishery and aquatic area.
The intention to solve the resource deterioration
In order to address this concern, areas where overfished or in the risk of being overfished are provided as refuge and sanctuaries for fish and marine animals. Through this law, fishing activities and other related activities which can cause damage to underwater ecosystem are regulated within this designated area. However, restriction is still based on the level of danger.
The intention to solve poverty
Another good intention of this law is granting those resident fishers and fishers organizations with fishing opportunities within the bodies of water in their municipality. This may include lakes, streams, and rivers within the area.
It also covers the marine waters of about 15-kilometer zone within the coastline.
Moreover, this law also authorize the government to cater support to the fisheries through research, infrastructures, settlements of the fishers as well as their entitlement to similar opportunities with other workers under the Philippine Labor Code. This seems to be a good political psychology.