The SDG or sustainable development goals are aligning with the plans of the United Nations in the prevention of the top five major killers globally. Included in the five major morbidity diseases are hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, HIV, and malaria. Although not included in the list, kidney disease is known to be the comorbidity of either hypertension or diabetes.
Kidney disease, unlike the other major diseases, do not have a direct effect on the international morbidity or mortality rate.
The Renal Organ Disease
This disease of the renal organ is related to an enormous economic burden. Usually, greater than 2-3% of the yearly budget for healthcare is provided for the end-stage kidney disease treatment of countries with high-income status. Further, in the global status, the overall cost of chronic kidney disease treatment is usually higher compared to end-stage kidney disease.
Over the world, contributing factors for kidney disease are diarrhea, low birth weight, premature birth, malaria, and HIV infection. The risks for this kind of disease extend the life-line as well as the environment and lifestyle. In case, these factors are determined at the early stage, there is a high chance for the prevention of acute and chronic kidney disease.
Moreover, early detection of kidney disease can slow down the weakening of kidney function. In addition, kidney disease can easily be prevented by budget-friendly interventions. Most of these treatments are in the list of WHO’s best buys intended generally for the management of the non-communicable disease. Further, the most effective technique to resolve the progressing global burden is the on-time detection and treatment of acute and chronic kidney disease.
The Kidney and the SDG
Basically, the group with the higher risk of end-stage kidney disease are the lower socioeconomic status. The reason for this lies behind the factors associated with behavioural and metabolic risks. Aside from that, restricted access to healthcare also contributes a lot.
Meanwhile, poverty-related kidney disease is higher in the low- and middle-income countries. This is probably due to the hazardous work, poor education, lack of maternal health, and infection. That’s why communication and political career are highly crucial.
In addition, the relationship of poverty and lower socioeconomic state is determined as potent risks for the chronic kidney disease and quicker development of such disease. Because of this, many people are not aware of the medications and what to drink for kidney stones.